This chapter presents a review related literature and studies related to choice of specialization of senior high school students. The chapter includes the following topics: senior high school, factors that influence the choice of specialization of students, theoretical framework, and conceptual framework.
Senior High School is two years of specialized upper secondary education; students may choose a specialization based on aptitude, interests, and school capacity. The choice of career track will define the content of the subjects a student will take in Grades 11 and Filipinos are known to be competitive in the international community.
However, our current education system hinders us from becoming even more competitive. Starting in the school year, the education system of the Philippines was enhanced from the ten years of basic education to a year program through an initiative called the K Education Plan sponsored by the Department of Education HubPages Inc. The K program offers a decongested year program that gives students sufficient time to master skills and absorb basic competencies.
The K program accelerates mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries K Philippines, The earning potential of your chosen profession is likely to be a factor that influences your career path. You may find one aspect of your career is more financially rewarding than another, or that working your way through the ranks holds greater financial incentive than staying in the same job.
Your personal financial needs are also likely to influence the career choices you make. Opportunity is the third factor that has shaped career choices for students. Opportunity may influence how students have perceived their future in terms of the reasonable probability of a future in particular career fields. The issue of poverty has played an important determining role in the opportunities available to all McQuerrey, Students must take seriously the role grades play in limiting opportunities in the future.
Splaverp. Most of the students lack adequate information regarding various careers hence the choices that they make are embedded in their perception of the ideal job and the subjects they study in secondary school Taylor et al, Parents often have an influence on the career paths their offspring pursue. A parent may urge a child into a vocation similar to their own, or to one that has demonstrated high earning power.
Many children grow up idealizing the professions of their parents. If you always looked up to your mother and admired her teaching skills, that may influence you to pursue a career in education. Parents may also intentionally or unintentionally push a child toward a particular career path, especially in the cases of family-owned businesses, where parents expect their children to take over the company. Still other parents apply pressure on their offspring to strive for particular high-profile careers, feeling they are encouraging their children to reach high McQuerrey, Parental support and encouragement are important factors that have been found to influence career choice.
Children may choose what their parents desire simply to please them Taylor et al, Friends may influence an individual choice of career. Individual interest may be affected by peers for the reason that one wants to be with them in fulfilling dreams or a certain career.
Developments of students interest were really affected by their peers and classmates. Sound decision -making is a need to prevent any misfits and to assist students in the process of solidifying their course specialization. Below are several theories on the choice of specialization.One of the significant features of the K to 12 system is the integration of specialized tracks designed to help students in determining their respective career paths. The technical-vocational, sports, and arts and design tracks will allow students to join the workforce immediately upon graduation while the academic track prepares students for further studies.
The academic track consists of courses that will make college life easier to adjust to in terms of subject variety and, to a certain degree, difficulty.
Accountancy, Business and Management (ABM) Strand
This does not mean, however, that if you take the other tracks, you cannot go to college. If a student chose the arts and design track, for instance, nothing is stopping him from taking up Fine Arts or Interior Design in college instead of working right away. It would still depend on the student. The academic track is simply the track that prepares students for the most common college courses such as business management, engineering, and the sciences.
Upon choosing the academic track, students can choose from four different strands: General Academic; Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics; Accountancy, Business, and Management; and Humanities and Social Sciences. Students may choose their strand in the same way that they decide a course in college. Aside from the 15 core subjects, these strands will add 16 subjects composed of different contextualized and specialized subjects based on the track and strand that will be spread out in grades 11 and The academic track is the most familiar one because students usually apply to colleges upon graduation from high school.
The only difference is that the subjects are now highly specific and specialized. These are but some of the changes brought about by the K to 12 system.
Like if im choosing ABM as my strand, is it still possible for me to choose Culinary Arts for college? Your college course should be related to your SHS trand. If not, then you have to take additional subject for certain trand. Thanks for your comment. This is critical to Senior High students since some of them are not yet that sure what to take in college. They might fall into the mistake of taking trand in SHS that is not in line with their college course.
I choose HE-3 techvoc in SHS and in college i will get tourism management, is it ok if its not related?
What if I decided to switch to another strand in grade 12? How is that possible? You must be logged in to post a comment. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Learn how your comment data is processed. Shannen Ortega on January 9, at am. Log in to Reply. Shinji Tsujimoto on February 28, at pm.
If not, then you have to take additional subject for certain trand Log in to Reply. Herbin on July 24, at am. Hi Shinji, Thanks for your comment.
What strand in academic track should I take if I will be taking general education in college? Kath gonzales on April 12, at am. Christian on July 27, at pm. Submit a Comment Cancel reply You must be logged in to post a comment.The Accounting, Business and Management ABM strand provides students with the skills and knowledge they need to work in the corporate world. This senior high school strand is for students who want to become business leaders and entrepreneurs.
If running a business, talking to clients, and coming up with strategies to earn money sound like your ideal career, then ABM is the right strand for you. The page also provides a list of schools that offer the course. The platform allows you to apply online to your chosen school. This article covers additional information about ABM — from topics you will learn about, to college courses and professions to consider.
Wondering what skills you can learn in ABM? Find out how ABM can unleash your entrepreneurial spirit, teach you the language of business, and enhance your business acumen. The ABM strand is not all about the money or climbing steep corporate ladders. The course is also about turning brilliant ideas into products and services that change the world.
Moreover, ABM is about using negotiation strategies to guide companies and consumers to make good business decisions. Here are five college courses where you can practice such skills.
Factors that Affect the Senior High School Strand Preference of Select Grade 10 Students
Many interesting career paths also await students who graduate from ABM. The question is which path to choose. Here are some of your options after you graduate from this strand. Search and compare over a thousand schools that offer this strand, and apply online to the best school suited to your needs through Edukasyon. Share this:.
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Send email Mail. About the author.Taking an ABM Strand as a career track in senior high means your skills and preferences revolve around the world of accountancy, business, and management. Students under this program learn how to primarily handle the monetary assets of an organization or company, which includes documenting the flow of each financial resource and the laws that govern it. This four-year program trains students to assess, verify, calculate and record business-related negotiations and financial documents through technological means.
As its name suggests, students under the business administration program will not only learn the right skills and aptitude needed to become a business leader, but will also learn all the essentials needed to create and manage their own business. Students under this course are not only taught how to start and handle a business but are also taught to seek openings in any market and develop business plans in the process.
This program prepares students for careers that engage with custom-related services, including the production of imports and exports. Students under this program are taught to correspond with foreign countries that will mutually benefit both countries, such as tourism, investment flow, and the welfare of Filipino workers based abroad. For students who dream of putting up a restaurant in the future, this course will aid you in establishing and maintaining a hotel and restaurant franchise.
Students under this course are taught to comprehend international affairs that affect government systems, both on a nationwide and global scale. For students who want to understand the workflow of corporate or medical workplaces, this program grants students the skills and knowledge needed in order to thrive.Five Tips Kung Paano Gumaling Sa Math - Vlog #4
Aspiring politicians who would want to work in the government would benefit from this course. Students taking this course are not only taught how to run government agencies but also learn the function of each organizationtheir relationships with each other, and the various roles that keep operations running. BS Public Safety offers knowledge and skills that ensure the public welfare of each citizen.
Students who seek careers in fire protection, criminal justice or the police force usually benefit from this course. Students under this course are taught how to manage a real estate service and handle private and public properties, including but not limited to consultancies and brokerage.
If societal issues intrigue you, then BS Social Work is for you. Aside from practicing social work in particular, the course also deals with the policies revolving around it, which can be used to promote and ensure human welfare. For tourism lovers, this course will teach you how to create and manage your own travel enterprise, along with other career paths related to the tourism and hospitality sector. Are you ready to look for more schools that offer businessaccountancy and management courses in the Philippines?
Check out more schools and prospective careers on Edukasyon. Aside from music, storytelling has always been one of Lis's biggest passions. She also writes in the hopes of empowering the youth to make a difference in the world. Share this:. Share on Facebook Share. Share on Twitter Tweet.Being an Accountancy and Business Management students is not easy. You will have a better understanding of all topics relating to business finance,economics and marketing.
One of the key benefits of studying ABM is that it offers students the opportunity to undertake work placements and professional projects. Being an ABM students, you need to learn on how to manage your time, to have a long patience and to concentrate and focus on your studies. In ABM, you can explore more, you will learn more on how to manage your own business. You will have a knowledge on what business are you going to start with and how will you run your business.
ABM is not just focusing on how will you manage your business, it also tackles about the payment that you are going to pay, the risks in managing business and on how for your business to be successful. Being ABM students is challenging because you will learn the reality of life in this world. Gaining money is one of the most goal of humans. For us to live in this world, we need to gain profit, so as an ABM students you will learn the basics on how to gain profit at a young age.
You will instantly boost your earning potential. As an ABM students you will immediately be equipped with skills and knowledge that will have an immediate impact on your existing business or business idea. The ABM strand in its most fundamental sense refers to the accountancy, business, and management academic programs that concentrate on the foundational concepts in corporate operations, financial management, business management, as well as each and every factor that revolves around those central fields.
The ABM strand can take you on a direct path to careers in accounting and management: sales management, human resources, marketing director, bookkeeper, project officer, accounting clerk, internal auditor, and many more. The subjects involved in the ABM strand are designed and crafted for you develop the appropriate tools that you are going to utilize all throughout your journey in the corporate world.
You should expect to be immersed in studying management and financial accounting along with the business, legal, and organizational contexts that you would be working with as you go along your road in a professional enterprise.
By taking the ABM strand you will be trained to analyze assets, understand everything involved with financial positions, interpret various profitability, and prepare audit accounts.
Senior high school studentswill also be required to engage themselves in the field through practical experience and immersions in various sectors and corporate industries. A business enterprise simulation will also be in the works for students who have opted to take this strand. First and foremost, taking the ABM Strand track will allow you many opportunities to start and run your own business. You will be trained in practicing proper time management and develop many other skills that are going to be applicable for almost any career path that you choose to pursue.
While taking the ABM Strand track, you are going to learn how to communicate with different types of people. Running a business involves clear and concise communication.
You will learn to adapt to the communication skills that are required for various business courses. Accounting is an integral part of this track. By getting attune to the critical principles of how the exchange of money actually works and the foundational mathematical syllogisms that makeup accounting theory, you are going to learn how to properly handle a business and your own finances.
You can change this in your browser's "Cookie Settings" at any time, but parts of our site will not function correctly without them. With the additional two years of education for Senior High School, a lot of people are wondering on what benefits can students get from Senior High School. How can it help students prepare better for college? How can it help students get jobs? How can it help students select the careers they will embark on? Entering a university and mastering a discipline are like starting a new chapter in the book of life.
It is exciting to know what will lie ahead as you flip each page but at the same time, deciding which college and program to commit to comes with too much pressure. Are you looking for unbelievable sights? Indescribable feelings? New horizons to pursue? Ready to test yourself in a whole new world?
Can't go to college due to lack of money, time, and other constraints? Earn your college degree from home through these online courses in the Philippines. These huge figures seem daunting and the pressure of finding the right school starts to set in.
What skills are needed for tomorrow? How can we prepare for the uncertainty and insecurity of the dynamic workplace of today? What degrees should we choose that will be relevant? The Accountancy, Business and Management ABM strand would focus on the basic concepts of financial management, business management, corporate operations, and all things that are accounted for.
ABM can also lead you to careers on management and accounting which could be sales manager, human resources, marketing director, project officer, bookkeeper, accounting clerk, internal auditor, and a lot more. Subjects in the ABM will give you the tools you will need on your journey to success in the corporate world. Expect that you will be studying financial and management accounting alongside the legal, business, and organizational contexts that you will be encountering sa enterprise.
In taking this strand, you will be able to analyze assets, interpret profitability, understand financial positions, and prepare audit accounts. See: curriculum. Getting accountancy is not left to just being an accountant. You can become an accounts payable clerk, bookkeeper, budget analyst, internal auditor, chief financial officer among others.
Get on board with other various tracks in the corporate setting like loan officer, administrative assistant, community-service manager, market-research analyst, financial adviser, and even become a statistician. This means agriculture-related activities that put farmers, processors, distributors, and consumers within a market system of agricultural products. The Department of Trade and Industry eyes in transforming agricultural farming into a thriving agribusiness-driven sector.
Suits up and make your professional career legen-wait for it-dary as you start your way in these schools! Got some questions regarding senior high school? Check out our FAQs.
Colleges Public colleges Private colleges See all colleges. Courses by the Numbers!One of the strands in Academic track is Accountancy and Business Management ABM which offers subjects which will help and open our minds into the business world therefore, become the ticket to the corporate world. The purpose of writing the literature is to highlight and broaden the knowledge of the students of what ABM really is.
The literature review focuses on the ABM strand, for the students to have a background knowledge about it, to let them know what are the possible courses they can take up in college in line with the said strand and the potential jobs they can acquire in the future. Philippines competed globally and have been the country with the strongest economic growth in Asia, having 7. As our economic rate increases, more jobs are being available and according to Jodi Chavez, president of Randstad Professionals, job opportunities in finance and accounting have increased with the growing economy making it the most in demand career in the year The review of literature was very detailed and contains various knowledge about Accountancy and Business Management.
The objective of writing the literature review is to notify the students about the suitable jobs for them within the ABM strand and to encourage them to take up the said strand. The procedures done to attain the statistical results were adequate and were explained. The author also included sources which helped to achieve the strengthen the study, to make it evident. Overall, the purpose of writing the literature is to highlight and broaden the knowledge of the students of what ABM is and encourage them to take up the said track.
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